Bed & Breakfast Pensions in Prahova:
Băile Minerale Telega Complex
Prahova - Natural Environment:
Within the Romanian Carpathians, lies the rock fortress of the Bucegi Mountains, dominating
the eastern sector of the Prahova Valley, which separates them from the Baiului Mountains.
The eastern side, which rises above the Prahova Valley, is considered as the main range of
Bucegi Mountains. The western wall is called Strunga and the northern sector which includes Omu Peak
(2505m) spreads a series of ridges.
The main range
Set between the deep depressions of the Prahova Valley and Ialomiţa Valley, the features
of the main rainge are completely opposite: the abruptness of the eastern wall and the flatness of the
Bucegi Plateau. The first is characterized by steep and abrupt rocks, measuring an altitude difference of
500-900m, on a total length of over 10km.
The last, the Bucegi Plateau, with a width of 1-3km, covers an area of 10km, with an average
altitude of 1600-2400m and a N to S slope angel. The plateau is run across by the depression of Izvorul
Dorului, which sprigs from under the Babele Ridge.
The Izvorul Dorului Valley, along with the ravine that forms the origin of the Jepilor Valley
separates the two parallel ridges: to the east - the Prahova Ridge and to the west - the Ialomiţa
The Bucegi Mountains are a large synclinal spreading on a north to south direction. They contain
Mezozoic sedimentary deposits, laid in the transgression period, over a crystalline base layer.
Situated near the eastern edge of the massif, in the lower sector of the ridge, over Cretacic deposits,
marn and gritstones, lay the Bucegi conglomerates.
FLORA AND FAUNA
On a surface of almost 30sqkm, the Bucegi gather over 1185 vascular plants, which make about one
third of Romania's total. Like any other mountain area, the Bucegi have different floors of vegetation:
the forests of beech, spruce and fir; then the higher mountain floor of shrubs and bushes and last, the
alpine floor with open meadows. There are several plants that grow here and are under law protection: the
edelweiss, Nigritella rubra, Gentiana lutea, etc.
Natural reservations in Bucegi
- The most important reservation stretches along the exterior walls of the massif, has one end near Sinaia
and the other one near Şeaua Strunga. It includes: the entire eastern wall, the northern ridges up to
Ţigăneşti Valley, Gaura Mount, the upper basin of Gaura Valley and the Gutanu and
Grohotişu Mountains, the shrubs on the Piatra Arsă Plateau, on Jepii Mari and Jepii Mici.
- The "Ialomiţa Cave" reservation in Cocora Mountains, which includes the Ialomiţa cave and its
surroundings: Urşilor Gorges, Peşterii Gorges, Horoaba Valley and a part of the subalpine region
of Mount Bătrâna.
- "Zănoaga" reservation in Zănoaga Mountains.
As fauna, there are many specimens of mammals such as: deer, stag, wild boar, wolves, lynx and
bears. Along the Jepii Mici and Grohotişu you are able to admire the beautiful specimens of chamois.
The skies are natural habitat for the mountain cock, the grey and brown eagle, etc. The Ialomiţa River
is very rich in trout and carp.
Prahova - Brief History:
In the period before the Second World War and of the royal family's abdication, Sinaia held the
status of favorite holiday destination for the Romanian aristocracy. The town emerged around the Monastery
of Sinaia (1695), which is a replica erected through the initiative and great efforts of Mihail Cantacuzino
(son of Constantin Cantacuzino), after the "St. Helene" Monastery on Mount Sinai. Throughout the centuries,
it has become the town's spiritual symbol.
Prahova - Entertainment:
A chain of mountain resorts has developed along the eastern wall of the Bucegi Mountains: Breaza,
Sinaia, Poiana Ţapului, Buşteni, Azuga and Predeal -in Braşov County, this being known as
the most picturesque tourist area in Romania.
Among the elements that turned into such a popular tourist spot are: a dense network of marked
trails, with numerous extensions, the cable railway of Sinaia - Cota 1400 - Vârful cu Dor and
Buşteni - Babele - Ialomiţa Cave, which ease the tourist access towards the Bucegi Plateau,
where nature has shaped bizarre forms like the Sfinx and Babe; also quite accessible are the ascent trails
to Omu Peak (2505m) and Caraiman (2384m) etc.
Sinaia - Winter sports
The county's infrastructure is well developed and prepared for the intense practice of winter
- A bobsleigh slope, measuring 1500m in length (13 turns and an altitude difference of 132m);
- Ski slopes of various levels: Carp-2500m, difficult; Papagal- 2140m, difficult; Tourist-2800m,
- Sleigh slopes;
- A modern road, which allows driving up to 1400m;
- The cable railway, rendered in use in 1971, with 35 seats (Sinaia - Cota 1400) and 28 seats (Cota 1400
- Vârful cu Dor Cabine, situated at 2000m in altitude);
- The chair railway, which links the centre of Sinaia to the Bucegi Plateau
Sinaia is virtually the starting point for the cabins in Bucegi:Cota 1.500; Vârful cu
Dor- 2.000 m alt.; Cuibul Dorului-1.200 m; Babele-2.206 m; Omu-2.505 m; Padina-1.525 m ; Piatra Arsă
-1.950 m, Peştera-1.610 m and in Baiului Mountains: Piscul Câinelui-950 m etc.
- The Peleş Castle was built during 1873-1883, by King Carol I de Hohenzolleren, the first king of
Romania, who wanted to have his personal summer residence at the foot of the Bucegi Mountains. Both the
first floor (1873-1883), as well as the second one (1896-1914), have been built in the German Renaissance
style, following the plans of Vienese arhitect Wilhelm von Doderer and of the German architect Johann
Schultz from Lemberg (Lovov), with transformations added by the Czech architect Karinel Liman between
1896-1914. Its exterior architecture belongs to the German Renaissance, with Italian influences in the
style of the amphitheatre like terraces, the artesian wells, balustrades, marble vases and statues sculpted
by the Italian Romanelli of Florence, which are typical for the Italian Renaissance.
It has 160 rooms and an imposing 66m central tower. The Castle was a royal residence (until 1947)
and today it hosts a museum with paintings, sculptures, carpets, furniture and tapestry.
- The Pelişor Castle(Little Pelisor) - situated next to Peleş Castle, initially destined for
prince Ferdinand I, is today a museum.
- The Sinaia Monastery - with the old church, under the "Assumption of the Virgin" patronship (15m in
lenght and 6m in width). Even today, after 300 years of existence it continues to stand as the spiritual
symbol of the town.